State profiles – core indicators

Select a state from the menu below. This will populate effort, adequacy, and progressivity data for that state. The estimates for adequacy (equated spending) and progressivity are expressed at different Census poverty levels, controlling for district size, population density, and labor market costs. In the adequacy and progressivity boxes, you can also select different years to display.

For more information on these measures, see our State Indicators Database User’s Guide or our annual report. To convert the visualization to a PDF or graphic, use the download button at the bottom.

Visualization by Bilan Jama and Emilee O’Brien

Latest News


March 2021: New database of spending adequacy in over 12,000 districts. Read the accompanying research brief, view profiles of individual districts, or download the full dataset.

Latest Annual Report

The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems

The third edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, adequacy, and progressivity in state school finance systems. Published January 2021. Read the report.

Latest Research Briefs

BRIEF: The Adequacy of School District Spending in the U.S.

Key findings on the adequacy of school district spending from our new District Cost Database for the 2017-18 school year. Published March 2021. Read the report.