Research Briefs


These reports and briefs are written by the SFID team and present analyses of SFID data. The list includes the most recent version of the state profiles that are published every year with the annual report and database. In addition to the profiles, we try to publish at least one additional report or brief every year.


Segregation and School Funding

A descriptive analysis of the relationship between racial and ethnic segregation and K-12 school funding, nationally and with a focus on seven “case study” metro areas.

Authors: Bruce D. Baker, Matthew Di Carlo, and Preston Green III

Publication date: June 2022

Published by the Albert Shanker Institute (external link)


State School Finance Profiles 2018-19

One page profiles summarizing the adequacy and fairness of each state’s public K-12 finance system (published with 2022 annual report).

Authors: Bruce D. Baker, Matthew Di Carlo, Kayla Reist, and Mark Weber

Publication date: December 2021

Published by the School Finance Indicators Database


The Adequacy of School District Spending in the U.S.

An analysis of our new District Cost Database, which provides measures of the adequacy of funding in 12,000 public school districts.

Authors: Bruce D. Baker, Matthew Di Carlo, and Mark Weber

Publication date: March 2021

Published by the School Finance Indicators Database


The Coronavirus Pandemic and K-12 Education Funding

This report examines the implications of the coronavirus pandemic for K-12 education funding, and lays out state and federal policy recommendations.

Authors: Bruce D. Baker and Matthew Di Carlo

Publication date: April 2020

Published by the Albert Shanker Institute (external link)


School Finance and Teacher Pay Competitiveness

An analysis of wage gaps between teachers and comparable non-teacher professionals, and the relationship between these gaps and state school spending and fiscal effort.

Authors: Bruce D. Baker, Matthew Di Carlo, and Mark Weber

Publication date: July 2019

Published by the School Finance Indicators Database


Latest News

NEW RELEASE: SECOND EDITION OF DISTRICT COST DATABASE

February 2022: Evaluate K-12 funding adequacy for 12,000 districts between 2009-19. Download the full dataset or see results for your district with the DCD data visualization tool.

Latest Annual Report

The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems (fourth edition)

The fourth edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, adequacy, and progressivity in state school finance systems. Published December 2021. Read the report.

Latest Research Briefs

Segregation and School Funding: How Housing Discrimination Reproduces Unequal Opportunity

An analysis of the historical and contemporary relationship between segregation and K-12 school funding. Published June 2022. Read the report.