Download data


The datasets and resources listed below are all updated annually and free to download and/or use. They are designed to be accessible not only to researchers, but also to policymakers, parents, journalists, and other stakeholders. Analyses of measures in both datasets can also be found in our annual reports and research briefs.

State Indicators Database


The SID is a dataset of roughly 125 state-by-state school funding measures for each state between 1993 and 2019 (not all variables are available in every year). It includes variables for assessing, between and within states (by district poverty level): the adequacy of spending levels; the fairness of state and local spending and revenue (whether poorer districts receive more resources); state “fiscal effort” (how much of states’ economic capacity is devoted to education); resource allocation (e.g., teacher pay, staffing ratios); and more. 

  1. Download the SID User’s Guide: a list of all the variables in the database, along with descriptions of the measures and other information (including sources and methods)
  2. Download the full SID dataset in Excel format
  3. Download the full SID dataset in Stata format
  4. Use our online data visualization tools: view one-page state profiles or visualize key SID measures (effort, adequacy, progressivity, and teacher pay competitiveness) 

District Cost Database


The DCD is a district-level dataset of K-12 spending adequacy in roughly 12,000 public school districts in each year between 2009 and 2019. For each district/year, the dataset allows users to assess adequacy by comparing actual per-pupil spending with estimated adequate spending per pupil (defined as spending required for the district to achieve the common “benchmark” of national average test scores). These estimates, which are also used to construct the adequacy measures in the State Indicators Database, are from our SFID National Education Cost Model (for more details about the model, see the user’s guide). The DCD, which can be merged into other datasets using NCES district identification numbers, also includes a small group of variables measuring district characteristics, such as testing outcomes, enrollment by race/ethnicity, and Census poverty rates. 

  1. Download the DCD user’s guide: A list of all variables in the District Cost Database, along with a brief description of the measures and methods
  2. Download the full DCD dataset in Excel format
  3. Download the full DCD dataset in Stata format
  4. Use our DCD online visualization tool: select a district to display a profile of spending adequacy and other measures in that district 

The data sources for all of our measures are listed in the user’s guides. We recommend that users review this documentation and data use agreements contained therein.

Latest News

NEW RELEASE: SECOND EDITION OF DISTRICT COST DATABASE

February 2022: Evaluate K-12 funding adequacy for 12,000 districts between 2009-19. Download the full dataset or see results for your district with the DCD data visualization tool.

Latest Annual Report

The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems (fourth edition)

The fourth edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, adequacy, and progressivity in state school finance systems. Published December 2021. Read the report.

Latest Research Briefs

Segregation and School Funding: How Housing Discrimination Reproduces Unequal Opportunity

An analysis of the historical and contemporary relationship between segregation and K-12 school funding. Published June 2022. Read the report.