Visualization: State fiscal effort


Select a state to display trends in fiscal effort for that state and the U.S. average between 2004 and 2019. Fiscal effort measures states’ direct K-12 education spending as a percentage of their total economic capacity, or the size of their “economic pies.” The two graphs represent spending as a percentage of two different measures of states’ economic capacity (both effort measures are highly correlated). The U.S. average in both graphs is unweighted.

Note that fiscal effort is not calculated for the District of Columbia in any year, and for Vermont in 2018 and 2019 due to irregularities in that state’s data. For more information on these measures, see our State Indicators Database user’s guide and our annual report. You can also download the full dataset.



Visualization by Lauren Schneider


Latest News

NEW RELEASE: FOURTH EDITION OF ANNUAL REPORT AND STATE DATASET

December 2021: Research report, profiles, and other resources evaluating state school finance systems in the U.S. Read the report, download your state’s profile, or try data visualizations.

Latest Annual Report

The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems (fourth edition)

The fourth edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, adequacy, and progressivity in state school finance systems. Published December 2021. Read the report.

Latest Research Briefs

RESEARCH BRIEF: One-Page State School Finance Profiles

Profiles presenting the latest data on the K-12 finance systems of all 50 states and D.C. Published December 2021. Download your state’s profile.