Visualization: State fiscal effort
Select a state to display trends in fiscal effort for that state and the U.S. average between 2006 and 2020. Fiscal effort measures states’ direct K-12 education spending as a percentage of their total economic capacity, or the size of their “economic pies.” The two graphs represent spending as a percentage of two different measures of states’ economic capacity (both effort measures are highly correlated). The U.S. average in both graphs is unweighted.
Note that fiscal effort is not calculated for Vermont between 2018-2020 due to irregularities in that state’s data. And effort in the District of Columbia (particularly GSP-based effort) should not be compared with that in other states. For more information on these measures, see our State Indicators Database user’s guide and our annual report. You can also download the full dataset.
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Visualization by Lauren Schneider
NEW RELEASE OF DISTRICT COST DATABASE AND DATAVIZ TOOL
April 2023: You can download the full DCD dataset with adequacy estimates for over 12,000 districts between 2009-2020 or look up individual districts with our data visualization tool.
Latest Annual Report
The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems (fifth edition)
The fifth edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, statewide adequacy, and equal opportunity in state school finance systems. Published December 2022.
Latest Research Briefs
The Source Code: Revenue Composition and the Adequacy, Equity, and Stability of K-12 School Spending
An analysis of the relationship between revenue composition and the adequacy, equity, and stability of K-12 funding. Published April 2023. Read the report.