Visualization: State fiscal effort
Select a state to display trends in fiscal effort for that state and the U.S. average between 2004 and 2019. Fiscal effort measures states’ direct K-12 education spending as a percentage of their total economic capacity, or the size of their “economic pies.” The two graphs represent spending as a percentage of two different measures of states’ economic capacity (both effort measures are highly correlated). The U.S. average in both graphs is unweighted.
Note that fiscal effort is not calculated for the District of Columbia in any year, and for Vermont in 2018 and 2019 due to irregularities in that state’s data. For more information on these measures, see our State Indicators Database user’s guide and our annual report. You can also download the full dataset.
Visualization by Lauren Schneider
NEW RELEASE: SECOND EDITION OF DISTRICT COST DATABASE
Latest Annual Report
The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems (fourth edition)
The fourth edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, adequacy, and progressivity in state school finance systems. Published December 2021. Read the report.
Latest Research Briefs
Segregation and School Funding: How Housing Discrimination Reproduces Unequal Opportunity
An analysis of the historical and contemporary relationship between segregation and K-12 school funding. Published June 2022. Read the report.