Data visualization tools


The links below direct to different data visualizations, all of which present data from either our State Indicators Database or District Cost Database. The visualizations are all updated annually with the latest data, and they are divided into three categories:

  1. One-page state profiles: view one-page PDF summaries of each state’s system
  2. District visualization: display adequacy estimates for over 12,000 individual school districts
  3. State visualizations: display individual states’ estimates for a selection of measures

Additional information about each visualization can be found on its webpage. You can also download the full datasets in Excel or Stata format.


One-page state profiles


One-page state finance profiles

Single-page summaries of the effort, adequacy and fairness of each state’s school finance system.

SFID data source: State Indicators Database


District visualization


District spending adequacy profiles

Compare actual and estimated adequate spending levels for 12,000 U.S. public school districts (2018 only).

SFID data source: District Cost Database


State visualizations


State spending adequacy

Compare actual and estimated adequate spending within states, by district poverty quintile (2009-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database


State funding progressivity

Differences in revenue between high and zero poverty districts for each state (1993-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database


State fiscal effort

State and national trends in GSP- and income-based fiscal effort (2004-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database


Relationships between state indicators

Create scatterplots comparing the relationships between your choice of two state indicators (2019 only).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database


State teacher wage penalties

Teacher/non-teacher wage gaps for each state and nationally, by teacher age (2000-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database


Visualizations designed by Bilan Jama, Emilee O’Brien, and Lauren Schneider

Latest News

NEW RELEASE: FOURTH EDITION OF ANNUAL REPORT AND STATE DATASET

December 2021: Research report, profiles, and other resources evaluating state school finance systems in the U.S. Read the report, download your state’s profile, or try data visualizations.

Latest Annual Report

The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems (fourth edition)

The fourth edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, adequacy, and progressivity in state school finance systems. Published December 2021. Read the report.

Latest Research Briefs

RESEARCH BRIEF: One-Page State School Finance Profiles

Profiles presenting the latest data on the K-12 finance systems of all 50 states and D.C. Published December 2021. Download your state’s profile.