Data visualization tools

The links below direct to different data visualizations, all of which present data from either our State Indicators Database or District Cost Database. The visualizations are all updated annually with the latest data, and they are divided into three categories:

  1. One-page state profiles: view one-page PDF summaries of each state’s system
  2. District visualization: display adequacy estimates for over 12,000 individual school districts
  3. State visualizations: display individual states’ estimates for a selection of measures

Additional information about each visualization can be found on its webpage. You can also download the full datasets in Excel or Stata format.

One-page state profiles

One-page state finance profiles

Single-page summaries of the effort, adequacy and fairness of each state’s school finance system.

SFID data source: State Indicators Database

District visualization

District spending adequacy profiles

Compare actual and estimated adequate spending levels for 12,000 U.S. public school districts between 2009-19.

SFID data source: District Cost Database

State visualizations

State spending adequacy

Compare actual and estimated adequate spending within states, by district poverty quintile (2009-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database

State funding progressivity

Differences in revenue between high and zero poverty districts for each state (1993-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database

State fiscal effort

State and national trends in GSP- and income-based fiscal effort (2004-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database

Relationships between state indicators

Create scatterplots comparing the relationships between your choice of two state indicators (2019 only).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database

State teacher wage penalties

Teacher/non-teacher wage gaps for each state and nationally, by teacher age (2000-2019).

SFID data source: State Indicators Database

Visualizations designed by Bilan Jama, Emilee O’Brien, and Lauren Schneider

Latest News


February 2022: Evaluate K-12 funding adequacy for 12,000 districts between 2009-19. Download the full dataset or see results for your district with the DCD data visualization tool.

Latest Annual Report

The Adequacy and Fairness of State School Finance Systems (fourth edition)

The fourth edition of our annual report presenting findings on effort, adequacy, and progressivity in state school finance systems. Published December 2021. Read the report.

Latest Research Briefs

Segregation and School Funding: How Housing Discrimination Reproduces Unequal Opportunity

An analysis of the historical and contemporary relationship between segregation and K-12 school funding. Published June 2022. Read the report.